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School Safety & Security

Comprehensive Safety Overview

Each school day, our nation’s schools are entrusted to provide a safe and healthy learning environment for approximately 55 million elementary and secondary school students. Lessons learned from school emergencies highlight the importance of preparing school officials and first responders to implement safety measures and emergency operations plans. By having measures and plans in place to keep students and staff safe, schools play a key role in taking preventative and protective measures to stop an emergency from occurring or reduce the impact of an incident. Although schools are not traditional response organizations, when a school-based emergency occurs, school personnel respond immediately. They provide first aid, notify response partners, and provide instructions before first responders arrive. They also work with their community partners, i.e., governmental organizations that have a responsibility in the school emergency operations plan to provide a cohesive, coordinated response. Community partners include first responders (law enforcement officers, fire officials, and emergency medical services personnel) as well as public and mental health entities. Families and communities expect schools to keep their children and youths safe from threats (human-caused emergencies such as crime and violence) and hazards (natural disasters, disease outbreaks, and accidents). In collaboration with their local government and community partners, schools can take steps to plan for these potential emergencies through the creation of a school Emergency Operations Plan (school EOP) and the implementation of safety measures. The Plum Borough School District has developed this comprehensive safety overview to be utilized as a template: to be used as a living document; to be updated as necessary; to report on the status of safety measures employed within the district; and as a description of its key elements in the school safety accountability report card.

I. Prevention - the capabilities necessary to avoid, deter, or stop an imminent crime or threat.
II. Protection - the capabilities to secure Plum schools against acts of violence and manmade or natural disasters. Protection focuses on ongoing actions that protect students, teachers, staff, visitors, networks, and property from a threat or hazard. 

III. Mitigation - the capabilities necessary to eliminate or reduce the loss of life and property damage by lessening the impact of an event or emergency. Mitigation also means reducing the likelihood that threats and hazards will happen. 

IV. Response - the capabilities necessary to stabilize an emergency once it has already happened or is certain to happen.
V. Recovery - the capabilities necessary to assist schools and individuals affected by an event or emergency in restoring the learning environment. 

Plan Tenets

• Student, Staff and Visitor Safety
• Facility Security
• Professional Development & Training
• Programming and Education
• Transportation and Student Travel Safety
• School Policy and Local/State/Federal Compliance
• Personnel, Partnerships and Committees
• Communication
Student, Staff and Visitor Safety

1. Outside Counseling Available at All Schools
2. Raptorware Detection System for All School Visitors
3. All Employees Wear Identification Badges
4. All Visitors Sign-in and Receive a Visitor’s Badge
5. Drills:
   a. Emergency Weather Drills (1 annually)
   b. Active Attacker/Lock-Down Drills (2 annually)
   c. Fire Drills (9 annually)
   d. Emergency Bus Evacuation Drills (2 annually)
6. Nurse in Every School
7. Hall Supervision during Class Changes
8. AM and PM Building Supervision Assignments
9. Safety Supervision Duty for Teachers
Facility Security

1. Annual Safety Inspections: Auditorium Rigging Inspections, Fire Alarm System, Fire Extinguishers, Fire Sprinklers, Fire Hydrant Test, Stage Rigging, High School Mat Hoist System, AED Battery Check, Emergency Power Generators, Elevators, Boilers and AHERA (3 years)
2. Annual Safety Assessments (Gleason Agency, Risk Management Firm)
3. Annual Emergency Responders Walkthrough and Meeting
4. All Schools have Security Cameras (approximately 200 interior and exterior cameras), Knox Boxes, Secure and Single Entry Points, Security Systems and Function Lockable Exterior Doors
5. Emergency Management & Emergency Operations and Procedures
   • Updated Every Summer or as Necessary
   • Commonly Referred to as an All Hazards Plan
   • Natural Hazards
   • Technological Hazards
   • Biological Hazards
   • Adversarial, Incidental & Human-caused Threats
6. Daily Exterior School Checks
7. Panic Buttons in the Main Office of Every School
8. All Classroom Doors have Locks

Professional Development & Training

Athletic Coaches

1. WPIAL/PIAA Coaching Certification
2. Heat Acclimation Training
3. Concussion Management and Baseline Training
4. Concussion Informational Presentations – East Suburban Sports Medicine
5. Sudden Cardiac Arrest Training

Targeted Trainings

1. Food Service, SafeServ
2. Crisis Communications
3. NIMS Certification (FEMA)
4. Student Assistance Program (SAP)
5. Blooodborne Pathogens
6. HazCom
7. Asbestos Awareness/Identification
8. Non-violent Crisis Intervention (Crisis Prevention Institute)
9. “Live Fire” Exercise
10. Adult Sexual Misconduct in Schools: Prevention and Mitigation
11. Title IX & Gender Equity
12. Settings Boundaries for Student/Teacher Relationships in an Online Environment
13. Creating Safe & Gender Inclusive Schools
All Staff

1. Mandatory Reporter Training
2. First Aide/CPR/AED
3. Suicide Prevention
4. ALiCE

All New Hires

1. Act 168 Requirement
2. Clearances - Act 34, 114 and Act 151
3. Pre-employment Drug Screen Testing
4. Mandated Reporter Training
5. Policy #824 Maintaining Professional Adult/Student Boundaries
6. Cultivating Diversity
7. Title IX
8. Suicide Prevention

Programming and Education

1. Alcohol, Tobacco and other Drug Education Programs (ATOD) (K-12)
2. High School Alternative Education
3. Cyber Safety
4. Project Safe Search (K-6)
5. Operation Safe Stop (K-12)
6. Digital Dangers
7. Suicide Prevention
8. School-based Out-Patient Therapy (offered in all school buildings)
9. ALICE Program (K-12)
10. Positive School Wide Behavior Support Program (K-12)
11. Olweus (K-6) - Bullying Prevention Programs
12. Student Assistance Program (SAP/ESAP) (K-12)
13. Fire Safety Training
14. Dating Violence Education
15. Texting/Driving (9-12)
16. DUI Program (9-12)

Transportation and Student Travel Safety

1. Annual Driver and Bus Aide Turning Training
2. Annual Bus Inspection - Conducted by PA State Police
3. Buckle-Up PA Program
4. Annual Driver Physicals
5. Random Drug Screening
6. Geographic Information System (GIS) and GPS Software
7. UHF/VHF Radios on All Busses
8. Audio and Video Recording Devices on Busses
9. Operation Safe Stop
10. K-6 Curricular Lesson on Safe Travel
11. Current School Safety Zones
School Policy and Local/State/Federal Compliance

1. All Employees and Volunteers Must Have All Clearances - Act 34, 114 and 151 (no older than 36 months)
2. Act 168
3. Annual Safe Schools Report
4. 2015 Clean State Safety Audit (completed every 3 years)
5. Policies Designed to Keep our Students Safe (not an exhaustive list)
   • 121 - Field Trip Volunteers
   • 247 - Hazing
   • 248 - Unlawful Harassment
   • 249 - Bullying/Cyber Bullying
   • 317 - Conduct/Disciplinary Procedures
   • 317.1 - Educator Misconduct
   • 348 - Unlawful Harassment
   • 824 - Maintaining Professional Adult/Student Boundaries 
   • 916 - Volunteers
6. Child Internet Protection Act (CIPA - compliant)
7. Child Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA - compliant)

Committees, Personnel and Partnerships


1. Safe & Supportive Schools Board Committee
2. Safe & Supportive Schools Advisory Council
3. Borough Council - District Board Intergovernmental Committee
4. Borough-District Comprehensive Safety Structure
5. PBSD Safety Committee - District Level
6. School Level Safety Teams


1. Guidance Counselors (available at all schools)
2. School Psychologists (2)
3. School Resource Officers (1)
4. Crossing Guards (9)
5. Title IX Compliance Officer
6. High School Student Services Coordinator
7. Dean of Students – Oblock Junior High School
8. School (Auxiliary) Police

Partnerships (Guidance)

1. Borough of Plum MOUs for General Services and SROs
2. Resource Access and Partnerships
3. Center for Safe Schools
4. Readiness and Emergency Management for Schools
5. Plum Police have full access to schools, maps, blueprints, aerial photos, keys and fobs
6. University of Pittsburgh
7. Children's Hospital/UPMC


1. Anonymous Report Line (telephone and email)
2. Emergency Notifications via Multiple Media
   • Plum Connect (telephone, text & email)
   • Facebook, PBSD Website, Twitter & Instagram
3. All Buildings and Busses have UHF/VHF Mobile Radios
4. All Administrators and Buildings have Cell Phones
5. Panic Buttons – Direct Communication to Emergency Personnel/Authorities
6. Emergency Weather Alert Radios
7. SkyWatch & NOAA weather subscription services
8. Common Sense Media
9. Classroom Call Buttons
10. Telephones in Classrooms
11. Crisis Communication Plan
12. Crisis Reunification Plan


Resources to assist school officials, educators, students, families, and communities in promoting more positive school climates include:

· The National Center on Safe Supportive Learning Environments,, offers tools, training, and technical assistance to schools, institutions of higher education, families, and communities to contend with many factors that affect the conditions for learning and impede the building and maintenance of safe and supportive learning environments, such as bullying, harassment, and violence;

· An impressive guide on bully prevention and combating bullying, written by educational adminstrators, can be found at; and

· The Department of Education has collected resources for immigrants, refugees, asylees, and other new Americans at

Additional resources about bullying and harassment of students on the basis of race, religion, and national origin include:

· U.S. Department of Justice, Community Relations Service, Twenty Plus Things Schools Can Do to Respond to or Prevent Hate Incidents Against ArabAmericans, Muslims, and Sikhs,;

· U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights, Checklist for a Comprehensive Approach to Addressing Harassment,;

· New York Office of Temporary and Disability Assistance, Bureau of Refugee and Immigrant Assistance, Anti-Bullying Instructional Resources,; and

· U.S. Department of Justice, Community Relations Service, Programs for Managing School Multicultural Conflict,

Federal resources describing students’ rights and schools’ obligations under Federal laws addressing bullying and harassment on the basis of race, religion, and national origin include:

· U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights, Dear Colleague Letter: Harassment and Bullying (Oct. 26, 2010), 201010.pdf; · U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights, Dear Colleague Letter: First Amendment (July 28, 2003),;

· U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights, Investigative Guidance: Racial Incidents and Harassment Against Students at Educational Institutions (Mar. 10, 1994),;

· U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Federal Protections Against National Origin Discrimination (Aug. 2010),;

· U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Protecting the Religious Freedom of All: Federal Laws Against Religious Discrimination (Aug. 2015),; and

· U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Harassment Fact Sheet,